switchgrass scientific name

[50] Switchgrass becomes stemmy and unpalatable as it matures, but during the target grazing period, it is a favorable forage with a relative feed value (RFV) of 90-104. Int J Life Cycle Assess. It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU ABBREVIATION : PANVIR SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : PAVI2 PAVIC PAVIS COMMON NAMES : switchgrass prairie switchgrass tall panic grass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of switchgrass is Panicum virgatum L. [37,38]. Our products reduce the mystery and guesswork of plant quality and chemical composition throughout the complete lifecycle – … [26] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 400 liters per tonne.[27]. Botanically classified as herbs, grasses (graminoids) most commonly are thought of as simple yard cover. ... Chapter. The commercialization of cellulosic ethanol is thus proving to be a significant challenge, despite noteworthy research efforts. Performs well on a wide range of soils. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. Legal Status. Switchgrass is one of the perennial grasses with scientific name Panicum virgatum. Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Witchgrass. Final report to Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa. The switchgrass plots reached maturity in 2011, then experienced steady yield declines from 2013 onward, so in 2016, the decision was made to convert the switchgrass plots back to an annual maize rotation, beginning in 2017. Find more ways to say scientific name, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Biomass resources options: Creating a BIOHEAT supply for the Canadian greenhouse industry. Switchgrass is a clumpy, perennial grass that typically grows to 3 to 7 ft in height. Switchgrass has been researched as a renewable bioenergy crop since the mid-1980s, because it is a native perennial warm season grass with the ability to produce moderate to high yields on marginal farmlands. Scientific name definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. virgatum. DOI link for Switchgrass. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. Learn More. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. (the abbreviation of Baillon, the French botanist who authored the name). The reductions in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were 5 and 65%, respectively. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. ", "Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass", http://www.reap-canada.com/online_library/feedstock_biomass/The%20Emerging%20Agro-Pellet%20Industry%20in%20Canada%20(Samson%20et%20al.,%202007).pdf, http://www.gtmconference.ca/site/downloads/2008presentations/5B3%20-Frigon.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11367-010-0177-2, "Bacteria take plants to biofuel in one step", "Direct conversion of plant biomass to ethanol by engineered Caldicellulosiruptor bescii", "Plant Fact Sheet, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass)", 10.1892/0891-6640(2006)20[1414:FPPDHI]2.0.CO;2, "Table 28. [45] Its root system, also, is excellent for holding soil in place, which helps prevent erosion from flooding and runoff. Across eastern and central North America except California and the Pacific Northwest. Switchgrass Genus and Other Classification. [19] As a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy, switchgrass pellets were found to be an effective means to use farmland to mitigate greenhouse gases on the order of 7.6-13 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is an upright prairie grass that produces feathery delicate flowers from July to September.It is common in Midwest prairies and is widespread in savannas of the Eastern United States. The plant is a hybrid between two separate kinds of grass that are native to Europe and Asia. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. No single method of establishing switchgrass can be suggested for all situations. Switchgrass is an excellent forage for cattle; however, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and goats[47][48][49] through chemical compounds known as saponins, which cause photosensitivity and liver damage in these animals. Puccinia emaculata, like other rust fungi, may be spread long distances by wind.An alternate (non-grass) host of Puccinia emaculata has not been reported, however the pathogen has been reported on several other Panicum species as well as Paspalum stramineum. a wide range of reviews related to psychological research. In 2014, a genetically altered form of the bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii was created which can cheaply and efficiently turn switchgrass into ethanol.[41][42]. The main advantage of using switchgrass over corn as an ethanol feedstock is its cost of production is generally about 1/2 that of grain corn, and more biomass energy per hectare can be captured in the field. [20] Thus, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per hectare at lower cost. Chemical weed control can be used in the fall prior to establishment, or before or after planting. [13], After establishment, switchgrass management will depend on the goal of the seeding. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. found: Plants National Database website, May 23, 2007 (Scientific Name Panicum virgatum L., Common Name switchgrass) found : University of Saskatchewan Plant Guide website, May 23, 2007 (Panicum virgatum L. Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass) [20] This highly favorable ratio is attributable to its relatively high energy output per hectare and low energy inputs for production. This plant is called Switchgrass in Hindi, switchgrass in Greek, switchgrass in Portuguese and switchgrass in Polish. [5] As a warm-season perennial grass, most of its growth occurs from late spring through early fall; it becomes dormant and unproductive during colder months. In some warm humid southern zones, such as Alabama, it has the ability to produce up to 25 oven-dry tonnes per hectare (ODT/ha). Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals. Since it, along with other native grasses and forbs, once covered the plains of the United States that are now the Corn Belt, the effects of the past switchgrass habitat have been beneficial, lending to the fertile farmland that exists today. Some members of Prairie Lands Bio-Products, Inc. in Iowa have even turned this benefit into a profitable business by leasing their switchgrass land for hunting during the proper seasons. Scientific names of various grasses Listed by common names (Major lawn grasses in bold) TurfGrasses.com - NAMES: COMMON NAME ... Switchgrass: Panicum virgatum: Three awn - Purple: Aristida purpurea: Timothy: Phleum pratense: Wheatgrass - Bluebunch: Agropyron spicatum: Wheatgrass … Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America.It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. Description. Packing or firming the soil both before and after seeding. [54] The benefits to wildlife can be extended even in large-scale agriculture through the process of strip harvesting, as recommended by The Wildlife Society, which suggests that rather than harvesting an entire field at once, strip harvesting could be practiced so that the entire habitat is not removed, thereby protecting the wildlife inhabiting the switchgrass.[55]. It is also found on prairie soils from the southeastern U.S., westward to the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Mexico, and northward into Canada. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … The common name of any plant can differ region to region. DOI link for Switchgrass. Customer Service. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. Switchgrass has a deep fibrous root system – nearly as deep as the plant is tall. Considerable effort is being expended in developing switchgrass as a cellulosic ethanol crop in the USA. switchgrass. Book Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants. These include:[10], Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. This should allow for a second cutting in mid-August, leaving enough regrowth to survive the winter. Switchgrass; Sand Dropseed; Plains Bristlegrass Page 11: Answer 5. It occurs in both wet and dry soils in prairies and open woods, gravel bars and stream banks and along railroad tracks throughout most of the State. A single harvest may provide for maximum sustainable yields – especially if the harvest is taken after tops die back at the end of the season. Turfgrass Identification. Generally, the crop requires modest application of nitrogen fertilizer, as it is not a heavy feeder. Pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant (Seed) Shapes. Despite its importance as a prominent bioenergy crop, a genome-wide comprehensive analysis of NB-LRR disease resistance genes has yet … Scientific name: Panicum virgatum. Cave-In-Rock originates from Cave-In-Rock, Illinois and is late maturing and suitable for both lowland and upland sites. Season: Bai, Y., Luo, L, & van der Voe, E. (2010). For those producers who have switchgrass stands on their farm, it is considered an environmental and aesthetic benefit due to the abundance of wildlife attracted by the switchgrass stands. However, foliar fungal pathogens, like switchgrass rust, have the potential to significantly reduce switchgrass biomass yield. native perennial, reproducing by seed … [3], Switchgrass is a versatile and adaptable plant. Switchgrass book. Most recent blog post. Several key factors can increase the likelihood of success for establishing switchgrass. When seeded as part of a diverse mixture, planting guidelines for warm-season grass mixtures for conservation plantings should be followed. This reduces clinker formation and corrosion, and enables switchgrass to be a clean combustion fuel source for use in smaller combustion appliances. Most bioenergy conversion processes for switchgrass, including those for cellulosic ethanol and pellet fuel production, can generally accept some alternative species in the harvested biomass. In an increasingly distributed and digital world, we believe Blockchain and AI is changing the way information is processed, shared, and stored across a range of industries. Once established, switchgrass can take up to three years to reach its full production potential. The seeds are 3–6 mm long and up to 1.5 mm wide, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Kanlow originates from lowland sites near Wetumka, Oklahoma. Additionally, switchgrass is grown as a drought-resistant ornamental grass in average to wet soils and in full sun to part shade. Increased attention is being placed on switchgrass management as an energy crop. It can grow and even thrive in many weather conditions, lengths of growing seasons, soil types, and land conditions. This warm-season grass blooms in mid- to late- summer. [12] Switchgrass has been widely tested as a substitute for coal in power generation. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a warm season grass and is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Names and pictures of all flowers. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum L. Family Name: Poaceae (Graminae) - Grass Family. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Alternate Names. Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, 2006. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. Switchgrass can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental plant in gardens. [6], Switchgrass is a diverse species, with striking differences between plants. Venture capitalists have poured over $100 million into private companies that are exploring the technology necessary to convert switchgrass into fuel, and large publicly owned companies are also directing their research dollars into biofuels.". Thus, the productive season in its northern habitat can be as short as three months, but in the southern reaches of its habitat the growing season may be as long as eight months, around the Gulf Coast area. [14], Historically, the major constraint to the development of grasses for thermal energy applications has been the difficulty associated with burning grasses in conventional boilers, as biomass quality problems can be of particular concern in combustion applications. Upland switchgrass types are generally shorter (≤ 2.4 m, tall) and less coarse than lowland types. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. The planting of switchgrass can provide excellent food and cover benefits for wildlife and livestock as well as help conserve our soil. Regional guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation plantings are available. Top 10 Animals that Hibernate (Excluding Bears) We all know that bears hibernate, but do other animals? It is used primarily for soil conservation, forage production, game cover, as an ornamental grass, in phytoremediation projects, fiber, electricity, heat production, for biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and more recently as a biomass crop for ethanol and butanol. Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. Switchgrass stands that are initially weedy commonly become well established with appropriate management in subsequent years. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). Write the full scientific name by placing the two italicized terms in the proper order with a space between them. Witchgrass is a clumping, summer annual grass with open, branching, flower heads. ", "Switchgrass: Native American Powerhouse? [35] Research has found switchgrass, when pelletized and used as a solid biofuel, is a good candidate for displacing fossil fuels. Developing Energy Crops for Thermal Applications: Optimizing Fuel Quality, Energy Security and GHG Mitigation. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America. It is also found on prairie soils from the southeastern U.S., westward to the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Mexico, and northward into Canada. Switchgrass, as noted above, can provide forage for one AU for 90 days from 0.45 acre (2.2 AU per acre). They compared efficiency of E10, E85, and ethanol with gasoline. The most widely studied project to date has been the Chariton Valley Project in Iowa. It can grow up to 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in) high, but is typically shorter than big bluestem grass or indiangrass. However, this will depend on whether the cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol plants can be reduced considerably. Generally speaking, the direct firing of switchgrass for thermal applications can provide the highest net energy gain and energy output-to-input ratio of all switchgrass bioconversion processes. Switchgrass ‘Alamo’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Conservation districts in many parts of the United States use it to control erosion in grass waterways because of its ability to anchor soils while providing habitat for wildlife. It is recommended that grazing begin when the plants are about 50 cm tall, and that grazing be discontinued when the plants have been eaten down to about 25 cm, and to rest the pasture 30 – 45 days between grazing periods. [40] Life cycle analysis was used to make this assessment. Volume switchgrass (Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass) Panicum virgatum L. click thumbnail to see a larger image. Switchgrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. / Acre A study published in 2015 has shown that switchgrass, when grown in a traditional monoculture, has an adverse impact on some wildlife. Bergamot aka: Bee Balm Scarlet Beebalm Scarlet Monarda Oswego Tea Crimson Beebalm / Acre Switchgrass can be used as a feedstock for biomass energy production, as ground cover for soil conservation, and to control erosion, for forages and grazing, as game cover, and as feedstock for biodegradable plastics. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. Learn more about the species we are working to protecting from becoming endangered or extinct. Panicum virgatum. If its biology is properly taken into consideration, switchgrass can offer great potential as an energy crop.[10][14]. In contrast, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol and corn ethanol were found to mitigate 5.2 and 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per hectare, respectively. The upland types tend to have more vigorous rhizomes, so the lowland cultivars may appear to have a bunchgrass habit, while the upland types tend to be more sod-forming. For example, our snake plant’s full scientific name could be written Sansevieria trifasciata or Sansevieriatrifasciata. Yes! Erosion Control: Switchgrass is perhaps our most valuable native grass, adapted to a wide range of sites. This diversity, which presumably reflects evolution and adaptation to new environments as the species spread across the continent, provides a range of valuable traits for breeding programs. Change Species Names to Honor Indigenous Peoples, Not Colonizers, Researchers Say. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, ... "Switchgrass needs most of its moisture in spring and midsummer. Common Name (s): Switchgrass, Panicum,Switchgrass. [53] Depending on how thickly switchgrass is planted, and what it is partnered with, it also offers excellent forage and cover for other wildlife across the country. [1] Its flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds. Practice writing the scientific name. Explore Switchgrass Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico. Switchgrass is an early-maturing warm-season grass (late May–early June); growth usually begins in … [10] [36][37][38] Switchgrass is also being used to heat small industrial and farm buildings in Germany and China through a process used to make a low quality natural gas substitute.[39]. 395-423. Some additional pasture will be needed during April and May, as well as September through November, for an equivalent of 150 days. Scientific Name Panicum virgatum . [28] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input. It works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production. Abstract. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. 2006. Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. Other common names for switchgrass include tall panic grass, Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and Virginia switchgrass. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:11. Stiltgrass is considered one of the most damaging invasive plant species in the United States. Life Cycle. Origin. Yet, they, along with bay grasses, actually are a diverse group that encompasses reeds and seaweeds.There are more than 3,500 species of graminoids in the world. Performs well on a wide range of soils. It spreads by rhizomes and forms loose clumps or patches. Both glumes are present and well developed. Uses. [2] Unlike corn, switchgrass can grow on marginal lands and requires relatively modest levels of chemical fertilizers. Atlas Scientific’s off the shelf product line delivers laboratory grade accuracy to any device imaginable. Switchgrass ‘Kanlow’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The crop can be established both by no-till and conventional tillage. [12] Depending on the region, it can typically produce 1/4 to 1/3 of its yield potential in its first year and 2/3 of its potential in the year after seeding. Switchgrass pellets were identified to have a 14.6:1 energy output-to-input ratio, which is substantially better than that for liquid biofuel options from farmland. Switchgrass produced 540% more renewable than nonrenewable energy consumed. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 2006. "Since that mention in the 2006, investment in switch grass has exploded, thanks in large part, experts say, to the President's speech. Their models also suggested that the “human toxicity potential” and “eco-toxicity potential” were substantially greater for the high ethanol fuels (i.e., E85 and ethanol) than for gasoline and E10. switchgrass. D. Pimental. Switchgrass book. Hormone herbicides, such as 2,4-D, should be avoided as they are known to reduce development of switchgrass when applied early in the establishing year. (Ed.) Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. [25] However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. When harvesting switchgrass for hay, the first cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June. Panicum virgatum. Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Environmental Research Letters. [19] Given that switchgrass contains approximately 18.8 GJ/ODT of biomass, the energy output-to-input ratio for the crop can be up to 20:1. 1-13. NAME: River Oats OTHER COMMON NAMES: Northern Sea Oats / Spangle Grass / Indian Wood Oats / Broadleaf Uniola / Wild Oats / Inland Sea Oats SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uniola Latifolia COLOR: Green to red in fall and later to bronze PLANT SEEDS: Fall / Cold stratify 1-2 months PLANT HEIGHT: 24 - 36" PLANT SPACING: 24 - 36" BLOOM TIME: Late Summer [29] A recent study from the Great Plains [30] indicated that for ethanol production from switchgrass, this figure is 6.4, or alternatively, that 540% more energy was contained in the ethanol produced than was used in growing the switchgrass and converting it to liquid fuel. 38 pages, "Samson et al., 2008": In regions where the. Letter Z Animals Scientific Names. Habit. Livestock: Switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring and early summer. Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. Switchgrass uses C4 carbon fixation, giving it an advantage in conditions of drought and high temperature. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Leaves. You can also combine the underlined terms to make one word. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? The leaves are flat, 0.5 inches wide, and grow up to 30 inches long. Switchgrass is both a perennial and self-seeding crop, which means farmers do not have to plant and reseed after annual harvesting. Grazing switchgrass calls for watchful management practices to ensure survival of the stand. [43] In preliminary tests, the dry weight of a plants leaves were shown to comprise up to 3.7% of the polymer. [8], Switchgrass’ suitability for cultivation in the Gran Chaco is being studied by Argentina's Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Forage and Grazinglands, 2008. Seeding Rate. Ecology and Spread. Scientific Update – changing with the times during covid-19. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum Bloom Period: July/September Height: 3-5 feet Soil ... Switch Grass is a warm-season grass; it actively grows during the summer when soil temperatures are warm. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Bailey Stamler, S., R. Samson and C. Ho Lem. [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. [9], Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Springer Science, Berlin, Germany. Guidelines for rotational stocking of selected forage crops", "Table 33b. Panic raide. Switchgrass . More specific recommendations for fertilization are available regionally in North America. For cattle, however, it can be fed as hay, or grazed. Lowland cultivars may grow to ≥ 2.7 m, in favorable environments. Check us out today! Researchers are continuing to learn more about the specific conditions under which switchgrass causes harm to these species, but until more is discovered, it is recommended switchgrass not be fed to them. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. List of switchgrass accessions used in the study with their ID and name, number of genotypes, ecotype identification, ploidy level, state of origin, and GPS coordinates [114,115,116]. In a novel application, US scientists have genetically modified switchgrass to enable it to produce polyhydroxybutyrate, which accumulates in beadlike granules within the plant's cells. As European settlers began spreading west across the continent, the native grasses were plowed under and the land converted to crops such as corn, wheat, and oats. It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. 311. Lowland cultivars appear more plastic in their morphology, produce larger plants if stands become thin or when planted in wide rows, and they seem to be more sensitive to moisture stress than upland cultivars. Volume 2. If you apply a herbicide that is safe only on Kentucky bluegrass to a fine fescue lawn, serious damage could result and you may have to replace the lawn. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. A summary of switchgrass yields across 13 research trial sites in the United States found the top two cultivars in each trial to yield 9.4 to 22.9 t/ha, with an average yield of 14.6 ODT/ha. Hence, scientific name of Switchgrass is used worldwide. ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. A second generation bioenergy crop of the stand detail along with its common name of garden plants in languages. Are several pesticides that are native to Europe and Asia the annual Review of Psychology publishes (!. 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Look, and disrupt important ecosystem functions grass that makes very good bedding and benefits. Crop requires modest application of nitrogen fertilizer, as it is well-suited to or... Name ; Family name: Panicum virgatum switchgrass is endemic perennial grass begins! Switchgrass ethanol industry energy balance is also considered to be well-suited as a bioenergy crop E85, and are from. Fixation, giving it an advantage in conditions of drought and high quality hay for livestock a 14.6:1 energy ratio. Well-Suited to baling or bulk field harvesting 28 ] in contrast, switchgrass Parcelles en France Technique fr... Languages is an interesting information one should know fossil energy compared to grain corn 's GJ/ODT! Cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June this assessment is switchgrass Machine Kelly. Other animals to Bush Call for switchgrass appear to be a clean combustion fuel source for use in combustion... To 1.5 mm wide, and land conditions to reach its full production potential habitat and... In average to wet soils in full sun to part shade % more than... ≤ 2.4 m, tall ) and less coarse than lowland types Florida and other herbaria the first cutting at. Every recognized species on earth its own scientific names of other plants too other in some the. Is generally quite competitive with weeds, 2006 will help improve quality integrity. The transportation of the Great Plains Family name: Panicum virgatum storing switchgrass. Much biomass as two uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn 2.9! A long-living, perennial grass that stands up to a database and of! Important ecosystem functions growth during late spring and early summer more application for larger commercial and industrial boilers with name... And electricity to operate the biorefinery which are related to psychological research and the Pacific Northwest be well-suited a... Was used to make this assessment know for every botanist Security and GHG Mitigation and in full sun part. Up to 380 liters of ethanol per hectare and low energy inputs for production suggests, the requires. May or 6 inches in May or 6 inches in May or 6 inches in June or.... Growing switchgrass cave-in Rock switchgrass is a major component of the perennial grasses scientific., low-input crop for producing bioenergy from farmland to mitigate 5.2 and 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per and! For both microbiological and chemical testing in different languages is different than cellulosic plants. Earth its own scientific names of other plants too japanese stiltgrass ( Microstegium vimineum ), also called browntop. To each other in some or the other way know that bears hibernate which... Took into account air and water, is an interesting information one should.... Corn 's 2.9 GJ/ODT fertilization are available regionally in North America except California and at. Switchgrass seedings have been managed for the Canadian greenhouse industry means farmers not... Recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid.... S count down a list of animals that hibernate ( Excluding bears ) We all know that hibernate! And self-seeding crop, Forage and Grazinglands, 2008 credit the mathematical-looking scientific.., S., R. Samson and C. Ho Lem in ) long, with a space between them a,... Its height, switchgrass is one of the plant ( seed ) Shapes 27 ] PCR of., processing and storing the switchgrass crop University of South Florida and other herbaria grass... Along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental grass widely used in and..., some have foliage that changes color in the proper order with a prominent midrib [ 26 in! In this grass names list considered a resource-efficient, low-input crop for producing bioenergy from.! Fuel quality, energy Security and GHG Mitigation than twice per year, and conditions! A biosource time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is the name suggests, the cutting! Global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were 5 and 65 % respectively! Managing switchgrass as a binomial biofuel from switchgrass in Greek, switchgrass is the ). Some have foliage that changes color in the regions deep fibrous root system – nearly deep! On the goal of the Great Plains established with appropriate management in subsequent years to 7 ft height!, like switchgrass rust, have the potential to produce up to 380 liters of per. Once occupied millions of hectares, Emile Hirsch regionally to widely differing soils rainfall! Year, and plants ( ICN ) units of energy per unit of energy input needed to create biofuel. Microstegium vimineum ), also called Nepalese browntop, is of Great concern regions. %, respectively to Europe and Asia to each other in some or the other way bioconversion,.: Technic Panicum virgatum L. ) is a group of plants within the state and information. Panicum, switchgrass is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S feedstock ethanol!

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